Education for girls is a priority for strategic growth. Higher educated women are more likely to be healthier, engage more in the formal workforce, receive higher incomes, have fewer kids, marry at a later age, and allow their children to receive better education and healthcare should they want to become moms.
According to the UNESCO Institute of Statistics;
A infant born to a mother who is able to read and write is 50 percent more likely to survive after age 5.
Mothers who are prepared are more than significantly more likely to send their kids to kindergarten.
Girls with eight years of schooling are four times less likely than girls to get married.
A girl child who has nine years of education can easily make20% more money as an adult.
If every female in Sub-Saharan Africa completes primary school, maternal mortality will drop by 70%.
It gets easy to confuse young people because they are not educated. We can be drawn to make risky decisions more quickly simply because they lack understanding of the complexities of their actions. It is then that they are instruments of propaganda from another individual.
This expression, it lets everything sink in. An educated young person and an analphabet do not think the same thing.
They experience different things, they appreciate different things and they handle things accordingly. For me, formal education does not only bring quality to life; it determines to an undeniably gigantic degree the quality of life.
It can’t be overstated. It should not be a question of whether an individual is a male or a female. The question ought to be, “Is this a man?”And if the answer is yes, then the essential need must be education!
The reason for this post is to examine the relevance, in specific, of educating the girl child, the factors that affect girl child education, and to address the effects of girl child education in Nigeria.
While tremendous steps have been taken in recent decades towards rising the extent of this trend, it is sadly true that girl children are still massively left behind in Nigeria as regards education.
There are many causes for this, with variables such as poverty, early marriage and pregnancy, religious alienation, cultural and social sexism against women, and it is not shocking that analphabetism plays key roles. Both of these variables are related and interconnected.
The World Poverty Clock study in June 2018 reveals that nearly 50 percent of Nigerians, some 86.9 million people, are living in severe poverty today. This abject poverty causes people to make difficult, grisly decisions and to give priority in the most unadvised ways.
It is public knowledge that many Nigerian families choose to send their boys to school and keep the girls at home where there is a shortage. Why the discrimination? Since the woman is obviously to be relegated to the background in Nigerian culture and society as it is assumed that she has to be “seen and not heard.”
Girl children are marrying at an alarming age (particularly in the north) due mainly to deprivation, religious isolation and, of course, analphabetism of the parents as well as the girl child. In addition, in Nigeria, the legal age for consent to sexual activity is 11 years.
All of these factors impacting girl child education in Nigeria are merging and growing up to become a potent force we are fighting against. Yet it’s very ironic that the girl’s child’s most apparent method to overcome these causes none other than more education.
Here are the five main reasons why girls’ education in Nigeria is of utmost importance.
Education in turn, boosts and stimulates a country’s economy, inevitably pushing the fences of deprivation backward.
A country’s economy, its growth, its strength all depend, in part, on how well educated its people are. A world that is predominantly uneducated is a world that is going nowhere. That said, females comprise half of Nigeria’s entire population.
Assume that Nigeria is 50% male and 50% female, but only about 20% of females are trained for their male counterparts as compared to 39%. Now imagine a guy with a poor right leg and the other one with a stump. How is he to walk let alone run?
2: Girl child education improves the health of a family, a society and a nation.
Girl child education includes the further spread and development of different health hazards like early pregnancy, female circumcision, AIDS and other STDs, infant diseases like polio and yellow fever, etc. Child pregnancy and childbirth and female circumcision are exclusive horrors of the girl child.
3. Girl child education guarantees gender equality.
Return your attention a little to our hypothetical, one-legged guy. Again, a nation that suppresses women’s social, cultural, academic, human rights is a nation that will stay in the shadows forever.
4: Girl child education decreases domestic and sexual violence rates in Nigeria.
Educated women see themselves as having importance for their families, husbands, communities and most importantly, for themselves. Therefore it is less likely that an educated woman with opportunities will be subject to physical or sexual assault, or stay a victim of such violence.
5: Girl child education reduces population explosion.
Educated women make cleverer reproductive decisions than uneducated women. Intelligent women have very few and healthier babies, as most make a contribution in some way to their family’s finances, know how to go about fertility, and continue to prepare for children properly.
Let’s continue clamoring for girl child education in Nigeria bearing in mind that “When you educate a boy, you educate one person. When you educate a girl, you educate a family- and a whole nation.”