How to farm bread fruit, onions in Nigeria
Here in this post will be looking at how to start breadfruit and onion farming in Nigeria. Well, let’s take it one step at a time. Beginning with onions, onions is a very popular vegetable crop in Nigeria and one of the most consumed in both Asia and Africa. Onion belongs to the genus-group known as Allium which is widely cultivated.
Let’s look at the statistics of onions, over 240000 tons of green onions were produced in Nigeria in 2012 and 1350000 tons of dry onions we also produced in Nigeria and this does not include another part of Africa or the world. this amount of onion production makes Nigeria be one of the top 10 biggest producers of onions in the whole world.
In 2012 Nigeria had 5.5% of the global share in green onions which is about 4 3399 25 tons and also has 1.6% global share of dry onions which is about 82815 927 tons in 2012. This alone shows that Nigeria has a lot of potential in the cultivation of onions and it’s contributions towards the world economy.
Why several people choose to cultivate onion is because it is easy to cultivate and it has varieties of uses with some extra financial and health benefits. That contributes to why it is being used a lot during the preparation of most local dishes in Nigeria.
understanding the concept of onion farming is not difficult you just have to know that it is the cultivation of onions for either or both personal or commercial use. Onions are being cultivated in well-drained fertile soil using sets or seeds. Do it is very much better you use the seeds because fresh seeds have always proven to germinate better than stale seeds.
How you farm onions are by bearing onion seeds in soil before summer then you have asked small onion bulbs that pop out by the end of the year.
before we proceed it is very important to understand the benefits of onions in the human body and why it is being used in most foods in Nigeria.
Benefits of Onions
1). Great food ingredient.
2). Teaching about the use of a microscope to observe cell structure.
3). Moth repellant.
4). Promote hair growth.
5). Polish glass and copper products, to avoid iron rust.
6). Used in improving plant resistance to pestilence
7). Reduce Freckling.
8). They may prevent cancer.
9). Aid in digestion.
10). Regulate blood sugar.
11). Increase sperm count.
12). Fix respiratory issues.
13). Purify the blood.
14). Improve brain function.
15). High in fiber.
You should also take into consideration the different varieties of onions.
Varieties of Onions
Onions mostly have brown or yellow skin while some of them have creamy flash. They also have high flavour and excellent taste which makes it perfect for making stews, meats, soups, and other dishes. This type of onions is the most common being used for cooking. This kind of onions possesses aroma and flavour which is very important in cooking tasty meals. The very popular in use in Australia.
These are the kind of onions that are known as Spanish onions and they have published redskin. It also has a white flesh that is tinged with red. the size between medium-to-large and they possess a mild sweet flavour. This type of onion is consumed raw or grilled and is being used as a colour to Salads. It is also durable because it can be stored for up to four months at room temperature. It can be cultivated anytime in a year and is known to be one of the highly marketable product. this is the most popular kind of onions in Nigeria.
This kind of onions has the strongest flavour after the yellow onions. They are dry onions which have pure white skin. They also differ depending on the size flavour and skin attributes.
You should consider going into onion farming because it’s very lucrative and the bag of onions cost around N25000 to N45000 in today’s market. The value of onions is very high and has served and will continue to serve sustainable means of livelihood for farmers and it is a lucrative business for large-scale Nigerian farmers. Onions is in high demand by over 200 million people in Nigeria that is why the revenue potential for this business is very attractive.
Let’s take a brief look at farming breadfruit in Nigeria.
breadfruit is known to be an economic tree that has a very high energy potential and while some people perceive it as a vegetable it is known to contain fibre, carbohydrates, minerals, like potassium, phosphorus, zinc, magnesium, and Magnese. I recommend breadfruit as a type of farming that is very good for agroforestry because you can easily combine it with other vegetables and trees.
You can easily find this plant in Malay peninsula, Pacific island, Southeastern Asia and different parts of the world. Here in Nigeria, you can easily find it in the Southeastern part and most Igbo homes own it. However, you can plant it anywhere that has a warm environment. This 3 does not only provide food security but also has some medicinal, economic, nutritional, values that it adds to man.
The breadfruit has a weight of between 3 kg to 5 kg and can be processed into flour and used in making crips, candies and pancakes.
It doesn’t really taste nice when you taste it raw because it’s testing like cassava but when you cook it has this bread or potato flavour. This plant leaf is also known to be a source of food to animals like pigs, goats, and cows.
the maturity range for protrudes is between 3 to 5 years and after that, I can always produce for longer periods. The breadfruit tree requires minimal effort attention and inputs and not only that it also withstand harsh condition.
- It has characteristics like;
- It is environmental friendly
- It enriches the soil
- it provides food and shelter to Bats, bees, and birds which help in the dispersal and pollination of crops.
Farming of breadfruit
These are factors to put into consideration before you start cultivating breadfruit;
You have to consider the varieties of breadfruit, select a perfect land, good soil condition, wind effect, sunlight, and temperature.
With regards to the type of breadfruit that are in Nigeria, there are two types and they are:
The yellow breadfruit and the White breadfruit. Breadfruit planting or farming is just like regular agriculture that requires cultivation, weeding, mulching, fertilization and pruning. It is also very important that you have pest control on board.