Endangered species are species marked out as being likely to go extinct in the nearest future.
It can be a wild animal or a plant that has been threatened into possible extinction in the future.In this post, I want to list out some of the endangered animals in the world.
The time of some animals on Earth is relapsing while there are many factors that lead to this threat to life of animals, human beings are also one of the greatest threat factors to their survival.
This is because human beings take part in habitat destruction, poaching of animals and contributes majorly to climate change.
Most Endangered Animals
In this post you’re going to find out about some of the beautiful creatures that need our conservation and protection in the world.
Since 1996, the IUCN has listed Cross River Gorillas and Mountain Gorillas as both Critically Endangered and Threatened – two of five gorilla subspecies. Just 200-300 Cross River Gorillas, and 900 Mountain Gorillas, are left in the wild at present.
9. Amur Leopard
The amur leopard has made to the list of one of the Critically Endangered by the IUCN since 1996, with smaller than 70 animals believed to exist today. Because of its attractive fur it is hunted and killed, its habitat is ruined for human settlement and agricultural practices.
8. Sea turtles
Two groups of sea turtles are one of the most endangered species in the world: the Hawksbill Turtle and the Leatherback Turtle. The Hawksbill Turtle has reportedly more than lost 90 per cent of its species over the past 100 years, 80 per cent of which have been lost over the past 10 years. It was one the list of the critically endangered species by the IUCN as from 1996.
Since the 2000, the IUCN has listed the Sumatran Orangutan as Critically Endangered, with about 80 per cent of the population lost over the past 75 years largely as a result of widespread deforestation. This shameful pattern keeps putting pressure on the remaining 6,600 Sumatran Orangutans population projected to remain on this planet.
6. Sumatran Elephant
The Sumatran Elephant has lost a heartbreaking 70 per cent of its habitat over the past 25 years to deforestation for palm oil plantations, farming and human settlements. There are projected to be less than 2000 and in 2011, the IUCN categorized the Sumatran Elephant as Critically Endangered.
Poaching in Sumatra is also a concern, most notably from farmers who own or set up palm oil plantations. This unlawful killing act happens by methods of poisoning, electrocution, and trap. That is why Sumatran Elephants are listed on the IUCN Red List as being critically endangered.
In 1992, among the most exciting zoological findings of the 20th century was celebrated in Vietnam for the discovery of this mythical creature, also referred to as the Asian Unicorn. Yet this enigmatic and majestic species has already been declared Critically Endangered by the IUCN and is among the rarest large mammals on Planet Earth to exist.
The Vaquita, with less than 100 believed to exist, is the world’s rarest marine mammal. Time has run out for these mysterious little sea porpoises, expected to extinct as early as 2018 but luckily some survived.
Thanks to its distinctive patterned fur the tiger has long been hunted. Of the nine tiger subspecies, three already are extinct, many others are also endangered, but South China Tiger as well as the Sumatran Tiger have the greatest threat to their survival at this moment. Tragically, it is believed that the South China Tiger is nearly extinct as it has not been seen since the 1970s.
|Sumatran tiger||Panthera tigris sumatrae|
|Amur tiger||Panthera tigris altaica|
|Bengal tiger||Panthera tigris tigris|
|Indochinese tiger||Panthera tigris corbetti|
|South China tiger||Panthera tigris amoyensis|
|Malayan tiger||Panthera tigris jacksoni|
|And extinct species include the:|
|Bali tiger||Panthera tigris balica|
|Caspian tiger||Panthera tigris virgata|
|Javan tiger||Panthera tigris sondaica|
The Sumatran Tiger is Indonesia’s only remaining tiger subspecies, and has already been classified as Critically Endangered by the IUCN as of 2008.
Today there are fewer than 500 of these tigers compared to a population estimate of up to 1,000 in 1978.
Tigers are endangered and some of the greatest threats to their survival are illegal hunting, habitat loss due to agriculture and urbanization, and decreased supply of preys.
Black Rhino horns are used in traditional Chinese medicine and are considered medicinal. They’re also being collected as a wealth and status emblem. Competition is fierce and the illegal poachers have killed Black Rhinos as such to near extinction.
Of the five species belonging to the Rhinocerotidae family, three are among the most endangered in the world: Javan Rhino, Black Rhino, and Sumatran Rhino. The Javan Rhino is by far the most threatened with extinction in one national park in Java, Indonesia with an overall population of only 60 thriving.
The Critically Endangered Sumatran Rhino. It has been projected that in the wild today fewer than 100 are surviving. The IUCN ranks Black Rhino as Critically Endangered with three subspecies proclaimed extinct in 2011.
Conservation programs and crackdown on poaching are effective and populations are gradually beginning to rise again, but more work is needed to ensure Black Rhinos ‘ future.
The Pangolin is the only animal in the world to be coated in keratin scales from head to toe (the same as human finger nails). Such scales represent up to 20 per cent of the total weight of a Pangolin.
Those tiny warrior-built mammals, given their tough nature, are losing the war against poachers and habitat loss.
The eight pangolin species have been under threat, from Vulnerable to Critically Endangered. They are also the world’s most trafficked mammal, targeted for their scales that can be sold illegally for as much as $3,000/kg.
The possibility of saving endangered people is very likely just have to follow some of the laid down procedures below:
There should be enlightenment and spread of awareness about the endangered species living in the area.
You can always buy and recycle sustainable products. You can reduce your personal footprint which causes harm in the ecosystem. You can also reduce and minimise new water consumption rate,
You can also stop giving out animals as gift and support your local animal shelter. Reporting abuse of animals to the appropriate authorities and taking care of the animals you own.