Top Agricultural cash crops in Nigeria


Putting into consideration that Nigerian mono-economy which focuses only on crude oil as its major source of revenue has started

Taken another turn because most countries that Nigeria export oil to no longer want to buy the desired quantity due to several options that enhance the environment. people no longer drive petrol Fueled cars instead they use tesla’s electric cars.

The most important sector in the Nigerian economy asides crude oil is the agricultural sector and this is because more than 70% of Nigeria’s labor force is active in the agricultural sector.

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Though most of them work in small and medium-scale agricultural farms. The products that are being realized from the agricultural sector I basically divided into two major types;

  • Food crops
  • Cash crops

Food crops is a term that is meant for consumption purposes only while cash crops I also used to describe industrial crops which can easily be exported.

According to statistics over 33% of Nigeria’s land area has been used for cultivation of crops. It is also said that the small firms provide two-third of local crop production. In this post, I’ll be listing out the different cash crops in Nigeria and the values.

These cash crops when exported to bring revenue to the Farmers and the country. Agriculture is very important to the growth of the Nigerian economy and there is about 30% active population in that sector.

Agriculture should be the major economic sector for every country except for Nigeria where there are corruption and lack of priority.
Nigeria is blessed with fertile land and able farmers but currently, most of them are practicing subsistence agriculture we should only feed them and their family.

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Regardless to date, Nigeria is among the best producers of some cash crops in the world. there are some factors that enable agriculture to travel in Nigeria and this includes the favorable climate condition and the fertile soil that we have.

Maize (corn)

Corn is very very important in Nigeria and it’s important cannot be understated this is because it can easily be roasted, cooked, or processed two different kinds of foods.

Nigeria is known to be the largest exporter of maize in Africa and currently ranks as the third-largest producer in the world coming behind the United States and Mexico. the percentage of Nigeria’s export of maize in the whole world is 7.7%.

the major producers of maize in Nigeria also state that they are in the northern part of a country like a plateau state, Adamawa, Taraba, Niger, and Kaduna state.


Rice is one of the most popular foods that is known to the general masters in Nigeria and currently is very much expensive due to the band placed on the importation of rice rather the president of the country is trying to improve more focus on our local products and export only.

There’s no way we’ll list food crops in Nigeria without mentioning Rice and this is because it is one of the most cherished foods we have.

Nigeria is known to be the largest producer of rice in the West African part of Africa. what problem within Nigeria is that the quantity of rice being produced by the local Nigerian farmers cannot meet up today’s demand of the population and that is why we resorted to importation which is harmful to our economy.

this cash crop is not being cultivated in virtually all states in Nigeria.
however, the major States where rice cultivation tribes in the country and the states are located in region middle belt and northern regions.


States like Kaduna, Kano, Niger, Taraba, Enugu, Ebonyi, Cross River states cultivate rice products.

Guinea corn

One of the major cash crops in Nigeria is guinea corn popularly known as sorghum.
United Nations food and the agricultural organization has ranked Nigeria as the second major producer of sorghum after the United States.

Nigeria smashed the record of 5.9 million tons of guinea corn in the 2012 – 2013 agricultural season. the seven states that produce Guinea corn in Nigeria but the major ones are in the northern part of Nigeria which includes States like Kano, Borno, Niger, Kaduna, Katsina, zamfara, and Bauchi.

Cowpea (beans)

Beans are legume crops and also tops the list as one of Nigeria’s major agricultural products. According to a statistical report, Nigeria is said to be one of the largest producers of beans.

It is also one of the biggest consumers of beans in the world. in 2010 and has produced 2.2 million metric tonnes of beans.

Here are States where beans production takes place;
Sokoto, gombe, Kano, Zamfara, borno and yobe.


in the northern part of Nigeria, millet is not to be one of the most cultivated crops. Nigeria also made a record by producing an estimated number of 5.1 million tons of millet in 1990 and this set Nigeria as the leading producer of Millet.

Fast forward to 2014 Nigeria’s military puts reduced drastically to 1.3 million tonnes which made Nigeria the fifth largest producer of millets in the world.
There are States where millet is known to be cultivated and they are;
Sokoto, Abuja katsina kano, borno, bauchi Niger, and Plateau state.


The popular staple food that we know that is cassava flakes or popularly known as Garri is the product of cassava.

Cassava is widely known in Nigeria that almost everybody has come in contact with it or even consumed it.
Nigeria is also known to be the largest producer of cassava.

It is being produced in States like Enugu, IMO, Kaduna, Cross River, Oyo, Ogun, Delta, Rivers, Kogi, Benue, Akwa Ibom, and taraba.


yam has become the favorite food for many Nigerians needs to the delicacies that been prepared with it most especially the popular pounded yam meal. Yam, it’s been cultivated in large quantities in different parts of Nigeria. according to the statistics from the United Nations food and agricultural organization Nigeria is not to be the world’s largest producer of yam. That alone shows how unique we are.

Nigeria had 18.3 million tonnes of yam produce back in 1985 but the number recently skyrocketed to the 2.3 million metric tons at which Nigeria solidifies its position as the world’s largest producer.


Peanut which is also known as groundnut is one of the major cash crops in Nigeria that is also widely used in different parts of the world for the production of different food. and the importance of this cash crop cannot be overemphasized. This is a unique cash crop that is classified as an oil crop and a grain legume.

Nigeria has also made history as the third-largest producer of groundnuts in the world following China and the United States of America. Nigeria the production of 3.4 million tonnes in 2014 alone.


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