This is how the Nigerian legislative system is, the national assembly consist of both the upper House which is the Senate and the lower house which is the House of representatives.
The national assembly has his constitutional back and from there chapter 1 section 4 of the 1999 Nigerian constitution as amended which empowers you to make law on behalf of the state has the highest law-making body in the country.
However, the duties assigned to the National assembly is fully and listed and the Nigerian constitution for your perusal.
Nigerian senate consist 109 senators this means from each of the 36 States comes out three senators as the states are divided into senatorial districts however the factual capital territory of Nigeria is Abuja has only one senatorial slot in the upper chamber.
The Senate president presides over Nigerian senate after being elected by the members of a senate. the Senate president is one of the most powerful in the country as his own line of succession to the president just after the vice president.
The current senate president of Nigeria is Ahmed Ibrahim lawan while his deputy senate president is senator Omo agege and of course both of them under the action people’s congress (APC).
I’ll give you an insight on the function of the Senate president of Nigeria. The major function of the Senate president is to regulate lead, control and guide the proceedings in the senate-house.
The Senate president is the presiding officer of the upper chamber and he is the third citizen of Nigeria which makes him second in line of succession to the president of the country.
Nigeria has seen over 10 senate president and while some of them are like some has also Departed. The first five on the table presided over the first, second, and third republic of Nigeria why are the rules in the fourth republic.
Here are some facts you probably didn’t know about Nigerian senate presidents. The only senate President in Nigeria who took the constitutional order of succession to become the president is Nwafor Orizu though his tenure was cut short by the military era of Aguiyi Ironsi who forced him to hand over democratic power to the military.
In 2011 senator David Mark made history has he got re-elected alongside his deputy without any contest, he returned the Senate presidency by serving a second term and he was the first person to do that in Nigeria’s history.
David Mark and Ike Ekweremmadu became the longest-serving senators in history as David Mark served from 2007-2015 while Ike Ekweremmadu served from (2007-2019).
The first civilian ex-governor that became the Senate president of Nigeria is Dr. Abubakar Bukola Saraki.
Let’s give a brief background on Saraki because he was immediately past Nigeria’s Senate President just before Ahmed Lawan.
He was born April in 1962, into one of Nigeria’s richest homes. His father, Olusola Saraki, had also served as a senator from 1979 to 1983.
In 2011, Saraki joined the Nigerian senate, but before then he was previously the Governor of Kwara State (2003 to 2011). He was not just a politician, he had worked as a bank director and medical doctor.
Saraki decamped to the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) from the All Progressive Congress (APC).
The senate House introduce bill into the national assembly. There are different function that is bestowed upon the Senate by the Constitution of the federal republic of Nigeria to check and balance order arms of government.
Some of these include given advice to the executive arm of government and probably consenting to the president’s appointments. The Senate can also impeach the president you can also decide to consent or reject all foreign treaties
The senators all have a duration of 4 years to serve till the general election and their tenants are unlimited meaning that as long as they are re-elected you can remain in the chamber.
Now, let’s take a brief look at the current senate president of Nigeria.
Ahmed Ibrahim lawan represents the political party all progressive congress as a senator in Yobe North Constituency in Yobe state. It was in the year 2007 that Ahmed became a senator.
Later on in 2019 elected as the Senate president of Nigeria after beating senator Muhammad Ali Ndume with 28 votes in the 9th National Assembly.
Ahmed Ibrahim was born in 1959 in northern Nigeria. You later got employed as a lecturer and the federal University of Maiduguri borno. during his school days, he graduated in 1984 from the University of Maiduguri where is studied geography and earned a bachelor’s degree.
He later proceeded to ahmadu Bello University for remote sensing master’s degree in 1990 and he also earned his doctorate degree from Cranfield University UK in a remote sensing study in 1996.
Ahmed Lawan’s early Career
Before he ventured into politics, Mr Lawan had experienced civil service and also the academy. He was part of Yobe state civil service where he worked as an education officer in the ministry for education.
Later he got a lecturing job as assistant lecturer 1 in the University of Maiduguri in 1986 where he worked for 10 years 1987 to 1997 before moving into politics.It was on Thursday 6th June, 2019 after a meeting with the president that Senator Danjuma Goje had to step down to pave way for Senator Lawan for senate presidency race.
Senator Ahmed Ibrahim lawan got elected and sworn in on 11th June 2019 as the Senate President of the Nigerian 9th Assembly.
However, since he got elected as the senate president, his tenure has been void of unnecessary problems.
List of Senate Presidents In Nigeria (Past & Present)
This table contains both the past and present senate presidents, their tenures and political parties.
|4||Joseph Wayas||1979- 1983||NPN|
|9||Anyim Pius Anyim||2000-2003||PDP|
|13||Bukola Saraki||2015- 2019||PDP|
|14||Ahmed Lawan||2019 till date||APC|
This knowledge of the legislative top chamber is very useful for every citizen of the country and students (especially political science students). It is also crucial for everyone venturing into Nigerian politics as it gives full understanding of the government.